ROBOTS (Humanoid): What You Must Know About Future

 

 

Moshe Vardi, a professor of computer science at Rice University in Texas said, “Society needs to confront this question before it is upon us: If machines are capable of doing almost any work humans can do, what will humans do?

Sam Harris, the co-founder and CEO of Project Reason, said on his podcast Waking Up. “Ultimately, if we manage to build truly labor-saving devices, devices that don’t simply open up a space for new forms of human labor, but devices that actually cancel the need for human labor (and I think we’re doing that), then you really have the ultimate recipe for an intolerable degree for wealth inequality.

http://bigthink.com/natalie-shoemaker/robots-will-steal-our-jobs-but-is-that-such-a-bad-thing

 

Being a Mechanical Engineer, above questions bothers me sometimes. Automation and Robotics, at present, is not killing jobs but rather replacing low skilled jobs to high skilled jobs. Suppose you automate a factory. Entire labor is replacing by machine. But to run machines you need operators and you also need Engineers and technicians for maintenance. On other hand, automation is supporting another industry where these machines are being made. We need more workforce to convert ore into metal. So machines are creating more jobs for skilled workers. Uneducated, unskilled are becoming jobless and more jobs for skilled workers. This is the present situation. Future will be different.

By Year 2070, We will have self-maintained human like Robots working on renewable energy. Equipped with AI. Such self-sufficient robots will work better than human and will not demand money or increment in salary. Boon for rich industrialist but danger for human labor. Rich will become richer and poor will be poorer. Some human will get paid for creative works. For example: Even today we buy handicrafts when we already have high quality stuff made by machines available in market. Animation will replace human actors from movies. Robots will be very expensive and most of the rich people’s will be able to buy one or two of them. Every year new models will arrive in market and robot manufacturer will be the richest people along with those companies producing software and hardware parts of robots. There is a misconception that the first human to be replaced by robots were labor! But it might not be true because no one will buy an expensive robot to replace unskilled labor. Actually these smart robots will replace high salaried and high skilled managers, engineers, doctors and those who are working in dangerous situations like soldiers and workers who works in chemical and radioactive areas.  Only those peoples will survive who can buy robots or have some creative and intellectual abilities. For every other work there will be robots. Even for prostitution there will be sexy robots. Maximum one person will run entire company. As technology will become cheaper, more companies will start making cheaper robots and this will be the time when we will be having robots for our house work and labor class. This will create biggest difference between rich and poor ever existed in human history. Sam Harris is right in his assertion. if we do not act now, situation will be very different and sad for coming generations.

Robot will work and get paid on behalf of the owner (who will already be rich) of robot. Owner of robot will sit and enjoy. On other hand, only those poor will survive for little longer who will have land for farming for themselves.

Time makes impossible things possible:    

Year 2100: Self Reproducing robot. One of the fundamental trait of life is reproduction. Such robots will be alive if ever formed. They will either replace the humans or there will be very few families across the globe controlling them. Induced artificial evolution will select robots over humans based on survival for the fittest. The time for asking question like should machines replace human is gone, because such question was already answered and settled in favor of machines. Human creative mind has carving for challenges. We will not stop until we destroy our self or leave to the stars.

Of course, all this is predicted considering everything else as static in future. But revolutionary ideas and new reforms are part of human civilization. Such reforms change the course of future entirely. There was no time in history where one innovation dictated the whole future course of action. If any new reform took place at global level, then we might be having a different future. A much batter world with minimal difference between rich and poor. Where villages will grow like cities. Every child will have access to education and good life, every old man and women will be taken care by. A future we all want for our coming generations, not a future entrusted by few for their greed in the name of technology.

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Leave Legacy for World not Just for Your Childrens:

Human do not have the same capabilities and social and moral supports to grow and be successful. Some of us are born in rich and rather well to do families. Others are born in under privilege families. Some have access to education and others don’t. Some have strong mind and will power and other don’t. As Shakespeare said “Some are born great, some achieve greatness, and some have greatness thrust upon them.”
https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/william_shakespeare_101484.

But there are many who do not belong to any of these categories. They are born poor, no one come up to them to thrust greatness upon them and they do not inherit genes to achieve greatness by themselves!

Whatever you have or earn, you have earn from here. So before you depart, you must return it here rather than inherit it just to your sons and daughters. They are not rightful owner of it as neither have they earned it from you nor you earn it from them. They are not rightful owner of your debt and punishments either. So by default they are not owner of your property too. You earn it from poor and under privileged people who were not able to compete with you. Hence you must return it to them as a gesture of good will.

Here is one more reason why you must do not inherit everything to your children. Your money will make them lazy and they will waste life in drugs and enjoyment rather than making their life amount to something. They will not be able to experience hard work, pain and suffering which is important to appreciate happiness and beauty of life.

Seven of world richest man on earth has decided not to inherit their money to their heirs. I too decided to give away my whole legacy to charity rather passing it on to my daughters. Of course I will support them to be successful in their life till I am alive. I will leave something for my wife too (as she is not a working women) but rest will go to charity once I am gone.  That money will be utilised to help those who does not have access to those means which I had when I was a kid. Like education, Internet, books, coaching, seminars, nutritious diet, clean drinking water, sanitation, medicine and technology.

The father of Bill Gates was not the richest man of the world but Bill gates did become world richest man without any inheritance. Before Bill gates became world richest man it was Sam Walton, founder of Walmart, in 1985 who was considered the richest person. But his son or daughter didn’t took place of richest man or women. Similarly, present richest man, Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos is not the son of previous richest man either. Jeff Bezos has overtaken Bill Gates and is now the richest person in the world, with a fortune topping $90 billion for the first time in 2017. So it is not the legacy but the innovation, hard work and determination which make you or your offspring rich and famous. Best of us comes out when we face most difficult situation in our lives. If you are satisfied by everything you have you are a dead person wasting energy.

Nature hates disparity. But we the human are creating disparity by inheriting our property to our offspring and denying all other from whom we accumulated it. This will not create a sustainable future. We must give back our legacy to a society which in turn assures to take care of our loved once as well as poorest of the society to help them grow and become successful.

Success of society is more important than success of individual or a family in long run. Consider a hypothetical example of a billionaire who became richest person of a country. He accumulated enough money which suffices the need of his seven generation from present standard. But because of unstained society a revolution or a civil war broke out. The whole country was devastated. The value of currency goes so low that the wealth that was sufficient for seven generation is no more sufficient to present generation. Moreover, it may happen that in this violence some of his family members die and whole wealth became useless.  On other hand if whole society will progress and even if your progeny does not have any wealth they will still survive nicely. Because in sustainable society everyone will be taken care off by society itself. Whether you die early or you die late, whether you die rich or you die poor your family will not be affected financially. Your children will still have access to education, jobs and good life.

Ethanol : Clean fuel for Future

India can save on its Petroleum Budget by introducing 20% Ethanol as additive in Petrol instead of present 5%.  Ethanol is a clean fuel but 100% ethanol (also termed as E100) cannot be used as a fuel. Due to its low freezing point it cause a problem in starting the vehicle during winter. But mixing 20% Ethanol does not make any such problem. Indeed it makes combustion better by supplying oxygen.

Presently Indian government allowed only 5% of Ethanol to be mix with petrol. If Government increase this limit to 20% then we can save a huge amount of money and Sugar cane farmers will also be benefitted. Now you might think from where sugar cane came into picture. Actually Ethanol can be produced profitably from sugarcane syrup. India is among top three sugarcane producing country in the world. Sugar cane are very good source to produce Ethanol. In Brazil, Ethanol is chiefly produced from sugarcane. Since the climate of Brazil is not cold, Ethanol is used as excellent fuel in automobiles.

E10 that is 10% Ethanol and 90% petrol can work for all automobiles which normally run on 100% petrol without any harmful effect on your vehicle engine. But for E20 or more Ethanol content fuel require compatible engines. E20 can cause damage to engine in long-term. So Government has to take steps in advance before regularised E20 fuel. It should not be done in the way as GST and de-monetization were done.  Slowly from E5 to E10 to E15 and finally E20 need to be implemented with automobiles companies making required modification in their engine to avoid any substantial damage in long run. But once we do it, not only we will be using renewable clean biofuel but also we will be able to cut our Petroleum budget as Ethanol is much cheaper compared to Petrol (Around Rs40 per liter).

Many countries are even using E85 fuel. But I doubt whether we can reach to that stage in India. Even today when we just started using 5% Ethanol in some of the states we are having shortage of supply. One reason for such a short supply is low buying rate by oil companies.Government already made it compulsory for all oil companies to blend 5% Ethanol with Petrol. But now govt. must increase limit to E10. With the huge demand presently and in future, processing Ethanol from row material is a profitable business. But it requires huge investment and skill. Govt. of India provides various benefits to those who want to start Ethanol production.India’s cabinet approved a 5 percent increase in the price of ethanol to ease pressure on suppliers. For a sustainable future and clean environment Ethanol holds a great prospective for India where sugarcane are grown abundantly.

Please share to make everyone aware about benefits of using Ethanol as fuel.

What differentiate living from nonliving?

Many time it happens that we are debating whether something is living or nonliving. Is a rock alive? How about flowing water or gushing wind? Why we can’t say machines are alive when they can work and move around? How about trees? So what are the traits we saw in something to call it alive? Let us find out using mind storming.

It is not necessary for a being to be intelligent or able to move for being alive. Computers and even smart phones are becoming artificially intelligent but we don’t call them alive. Nor do we call any car or robot alive even though they can move all around. You don’t have to think hard before you said that of course rocks are dead. They are not alive. What is it that a living being can do but a rock or a car or a robot can’t do? There must be some unique traits of living being which machines and matter does not exhibit. Eating, drinking, sleeping, moving, speaking and listening all can be done by some machine or matter. For me the two most important traits of living being are as follows:

  • Ability of reproduction
  • Ability to grow and accumulate things needed for survival in at least one medium like air, water, ice and soil etc.

Without any doubt animals including human are alive and fulfill both conditions. Plants too are alive as they too grow and reproduce. Machines, rocks, flowing water, computers, cars and wind do not reproduce so they are not alive.

Cells are alive. Unicellular organisms are also alive. Virus is a tough choice. Virus are special in that they behave as living when they are inside the body of another organism. But when they are out-of-body they became dead. Both traits of life are not found in them when they are outside of body of another organism. So they are at the boundary of living and non-living things.

Let’s go to next smaller level to DNA. All living being has DNA. DNA carries instruction of growth and reproduction. So we can modify our definition of living being to this. Anything that has a DNA is alive.

Does DNA itself is alive is a big question. Since we cannot define word by word itself, we have to go back to our primary traits of life. If DNA can reproduce and if it can grow by itself than DNA is alive else, it’s a nonliving code of chemical compound which makes every other thing alive when suitably fitted with DNA. DNA does not full fill second condition of life i.e. growth.

DNA can be considered as “chemically active replicating biological compound” rather than a living thing. As a computer chip can store information and give instruction for motion to machine but we do not call it alive. In same way DNA can’t be considered as living. Even though I personally like them to qualify definition of life but sadly at this point they are out of living world.

Let’s go to next smaller Level-Atom and molecules. Atoms has electrons which keep moving around nucleus. They also do a lot of fuzzy things and every living being is made up of atoms. But Atoms are not living by themselves. They neither can grow nor can reproduce. So every living being is made up of nonliving matter. This is an incredible conclusion.

To be continued if readers like to read further…

Avoid Dr Zakir Naik views in Shariah matters

We all appreciate memorizing power and information Dr.Zakir Naik has about comparative religions and Islam in particular. He is involved in many great works. But here is a word of cautious for all Muslims who consider him their Ideal or follow his preaching blindly just because he gives reference for everything. Below is a link where speeches and views of Dr. Zakir naik were scrutinized by Mufti thoroughly while answering a question about Zakir Naik. Go to the link for details as it is very long. Few important points I am listing below from the discourse:

  • Many of his views were found contradictory to Sahi Hadees.
  • Many of his interpretation of Quranic verses were against the tafseers written by earlier Islamic scholars
  • He is a da’ii of Islam and not to be considered as Scholar of Islam. He is not a qualified Aalim of deen. His comments on fiqh have no merit.
  • He is involved in an effort to turn the Muslim Ummah away from following the Mujtahid Imams.
  • The opinions of Dr Zakir Naik in Shariah matters and injunctions will not be deemed acceptable unless they are endorsed by a trusted scholar or a Mufti and general public are advised not to heed his opinions in Shariah matters.

https://www.central-mosque.com/index.php/society/avoiding-dr-zakir-naik-in-matters-of-fiqh.html

Failures are good

We live in a world where only achievers and successful persons are recognized. Failures are highly undesirable and inadvisable. Not just society treat such persons who fail in some endeavor awfully but the person himself feels ashamed. No doubt success is great. But failure too has a great hidden side which very few appreciate or even know.

When you fail you break away from your routine daily life and find some free time for yourself. This time you can utilize in introspection and reason for your failure. Don’t waste this time in worrying and feeling dejected. Everyone fails, but you are not a failure until you give up. Greatness is not in never falling but in rising higher every time you fall. This is very precious time. Use it to start a fresh.

In daily routine life we are so occupied that we never get chance to think about our life, our priorities and the values. We became like a programmed machine. We forget what matters most for us when we initially started. Some people even forget to take a vacation and work continuously for years. A Failure gives you time to break away with this monotonous routine life. Use this time to remember what was most important for you? Ask yourself question: Is this type of life I wanted? This is the time to make a 360 degree turn if required. Else start preparing to turn your failure into bigger success by learning from it. Tension, worries and procrastination waste time and energy. Don’t waste time in worrying. It will not solve any problem. Meet Peoples who always encouraged you. Read inspirational books.

Every one of us is surrounded with small thinkers. These people demotivate you and create a doubt in your mind about your ability. Don’t listen to such people. Start Believing in your strength. We all have tremendous power hidden in our mind. This power only comes out when we faced with difficulties. Never give up. Don’t feel guilty. Human are born to make error. Forgive yourself and forget anything which makes you feel guilty. But don’t forget to learn from mistakes. Anyone can make a mistake; fool insist on repeating it. So don’t be a fool. Life teaches you lesson in harsh way. It is always better to learn from others mistake instead of making one.

Enjoy and cherish your failures as you cherish your success. Because failures make you strong. They give you time to think about yourself and most importantly they teach you a lesson.

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Bitcoins for Layman

Bitcoin is digital currency which is not yet certified by government or central bank of any country in whole world. It was created by a mysterious person or group known as Satoshi Nakamoto in the year 2008. His presence and existence is secret. Present worth of 1 Bitcoin is 13481 $ which is many fold increase compared to last year. Bitcoins does not have any coins or physical currency associated with it. It is a crypto currency. Bitcoin are long strings of numbers and letters. It is a Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System. That means Bitcoins are sent from one person to another without going through banks or other middlemen and thus one can save multiple transaction fees.

Whenever there is a fault or shortcoming in a system another new improved system takes its place. Paper currency has its demerits too. Hence we need new currency system. Crypto currency seems to be one such system which has ability to replace paper currency if Government start accepting it as legal currency.

If you have extra money to invest and you are not afraid of losing it but willing to take risk for huge gains, then Bitcoin is good investment opportunity. It is easy to purchase and store using different websites. Bitcoin might emerge as a currency of future. In last few years its value has increased tremendously.