Summer is approaching in India.The most important part in any AC is its compressor. Therefore, I was interested in knowing which brands are making their own compressors and which are using Chinese and western brand. Surprisingly most of the so-called Indian brands use Chinese components. Videocon, Onida & now Voltas and many more are manufacturing most of component in china including compressor. Below is the list of few famous brands in no specific order and there price (taken from each company website in Feb.2018):
|1.5 Ton Window ac comparison|
|S.No.||Brand Name||Price * (in Rs)||Energy efficiency (ERR)||Refrigerant||Remark|
|1||Voltas by TATA (LZH series)||32,890||5 Star (3.32)||R-22|
|2||Onida (WA185FLT)||34,990||5 Star (3.42)||R410A||BTU/hr.=17401|
|3||Blue Star (G-series)||30,000||5 Star||R-22|
|4||Videocon||37,500||5 Star (3.32)||R-22|
|5||Godrej||27,990||5 Star (3.4)||R-22||7 Year compressor warranty|
|6||Samsung||N/A||N/A||N/A||Only split ac data found|
|7||LG||35,140||5 Star (3.36)||R-22|
|8||Hitachi (RAV518HUD)||37,090||5 Star (3.50)||R-22||Quite operation, Compressor manufacturer|
|10||O-General||40,530||3-Star||R410A||Work up to 55 deg.C|
|* Price are taken from different websites and shown only for comparison.|
First five are Indian multinational brands, and last five are International brand available in India. Because of price war with multinational companies, Indian brands also started manufacturing in China. The secrecy these companies maintain about component of their products is surprising. I checked many manufacturer websites and there brochures but did not find any information about compressor make and other major component manufacturing list. I expected little more transparency from companies.
Companies must have courage to tell the truth about their product to the costumers. Else, it is the duty of Government to save costumers from such fraud. Companies must be clearer about the manufacturing. They can use tag such as “Indian technology, assembled in China” or “Made in India with Chinese component”!
A costumer has a right to know what he or she is buying. When a company mention on a product: Made in India. It gives an impression that majority of components and whole assembly is done in India. If a customer has full information then he can make a better choice. For example: Very few companies are making compressors for their own AC’s, rest of all companies are buying compressors from other companies. When we want to buy an ac, we choose best brand thinking it will have best components and thus we are ready to pay more for it. But if I tell you that your selected brand and another cheaper brand both are using same compressor and cheaper brand is giving you better energy efficiency? Will you still buy the same brand?
Component make and manufacturing is one of the best-kept secret in ac market. Even sales man will not be aware about it. They will tell you about filters, remote control, dust control, exterior body, coil materials, evaporator fans etc. However, nothing about compressor except 5 year warranty. All compressors comes with 5-7 years warranty. Nevertheless, 7 years is not such a long time when it comes to home appliances. We want to use it for next 20 years. If one compressor will work for 5 years, you have to replace it 4 times in 20 years’ service!
One more surprising thing is refrigerant. Most of the companies still using R-22 as refrigerant. R-22 (Trade name Freon) contain CFC- a chemical causing Ozone depletion. Eventually, all the HCFCs have to be phased out by the year 2030 including R-22. Hence, if you are planning to buy an AC and expecting to use it for more than 10 years, make sure you do not buy AC with R-22 refrigerant. After 2030, price of R-22 will increase abnormally. It is better to make wise decision now.
To protect environment, let us shift to green technology and CFC free gases. R-410a and R407 are CFC free and does not cause ozone depletion. Buy inverter AC to safe electricity.