Broadly speaking, there are two kinds of Investors –Aggressive and Defensive. Aggressive investors are those who are willing to take more risk for more profit, thereby putting their investment at higher risk. Whereas defensive investors are those who are more interested in avoiding any losses on their initial investment. They want to play safe. They are happy with minimum returns.
Investment and gambling are two different things. In investment, you take a calculated risk and do the proper research before investing. In gambling, you leave everything on your luck and wild guess.
So, even if you are an aggressive investor, do proper research before trying to make more profit. Do not just invest blindly on someone advice. Instead of making higher profit you may end up losing all your money. Do not invest on someone’s recommendations or past performance of any share or mutual fund. Past performance does not guaranty future returns.
We all know one universal principle of investing: More risk, more profit. Conversely, it also means that chances of making profit decreases as profit increases. If chances of making profit decrease too much, it becomes gambling rather than investing. In gambling most of people lose money. Similarly, investing with high risk can make you lose your whole money.
Seldom people told stories of peoples making lot of money in very short span of time from stock market. However, there are many more cases where people lost all of their hard earned money. Thus, do not let other’s success stories blind your eyes.
What is the purpose of investing? To make money, right? If instead of making money, you start losing money, there is no benefit of investing. Better, keep your money safe in bank account or in liquid funds. So, by default everyone must be a defensive investor.
If you have some extra money which you do not need for several years, you can invest it in stock market as an aggressive invertor. For high risk and high return, invest in small cap funds or small cap stocks.
For retail investors and first time investors, defensive investing is the best. Diversify your portfolio and invest in different sectors and different schemes. Be happy with 10 to 15% annual profit on your investment in stock market and mutual funds because no other scheme will give you better returns. It has been observed that in long term (five to seven years), stock market gives good return. As per your risk appetite, mix your investment in debt and equity.
Below are some other articles on investment:
Disclaimer: Mutual Fund/ stock market investments are subject to market risk. Please read the offer document carefully before investing’
Below are some points about investment which you must keep in your mind while investing.
- Diversification: Never put all eggs in same basket. Always invest money in two to three different places like real estate, gold, equity and debt instruments like FD and Debt funds etc.. By doing so, you can minimise your risk of losing your entire investment.
- Start Saving and investment early in your life: Time is money. It is not just a saying but a proven fact. Always put your money to earn for you. As you give your investment more time, your return will grow faster due to compounding effect. To reap benefits of compounding, you need to give 5 to 10 years time to your investment. Encourage your youngsters to start investing in safe avenues like PPF and debt funds. Even Rs500 investment over a period of 20-25 years can fetch you big corpus. You can even start with Rs100 in some mutual funds through SIP. To know more about Mutual Funds you can read my article by clicking here.
- Discipline and regular investment: Small amount invested regularly can give you bigger amount than big amount invested irregularly. Most often, we wish to accumulate big amount for investment. However, when we have some need, we take out some money from this amount and this way our investment plan remain a plan! Invest monthly whatever surplus you have and discipline yourself to save every month that small amount whatever be the condition. Make regular investment a rule of your life not a habit.Because habits you can change, rules you can’t.
- Egg, Chicken and Hen: Whenever you invest, always invest with short term, medium term and long term perspective.Because you will need money in every part of your life. Thus, investment must be goal orianted like retairement, education, foreign tour and marriage etc. For short term, always keep some money (equivalent to minimum 6 month of your earnings) in saving account or in liquid funds, which can be redeem immediately. For medium term (2-5 years), invest in large cap. Mutual funds, Gold and other such instruments. For long-term investment, invest in PPF, Index funds, FD, NPS, debt funds, gold and govt. securities. You may not get high return but your money will be safe and with time it will grow rapidly.
Sensex is trading in the region of 40,000 points. A big correction was expected since the start of this year. However, Sensex is climbing higher and higher even after slowdown in GDP and much other negative news. It seems some players do not wants Sensex to go down and they are pumping money even on small positive news and ignoring negative news such as trade war altogether.
Most of large cap stocks are already overvalued and market PE ratio is at its high, which is the very important indicator of over valuation. In such scenario, small retail investors and new investors must not buy new stocks to avoid huge losses. Because stock market can crash anytime and wipe away all your hard earned money in a day or a week.
Wait for correction in stock market for few months before investing. Invest your money in less risky alternatives or keep it in your saving bank account for few months and just wait. If you are very keen to invest, invest through mutual funds which are less risky. To read my post about mutual funds, click here.
Some of us do regular investment in mutual funds, PPF accounts, FD and in some other such instruments to earn passive income. However, there is another type of investment which can give us better returns than any other investment.
This best investment is one where you invest in your own skill development. Here, you can generate several times more return than ordinary investment. Unfortunately, most of us never think about this investment and they have to settle for 10-15% profits.
World is changing very fast. Everyday new technologies are replacing old one. Investing in you is not only rewarding but also necessary. Learn new methods used in your industry, attend seminars, read good books daily, watch YouTube video’s and utilise your free time in creative habits like exercise, playing outdoor games, networking, meeting people etc.
Your health and your knowledge are your best investment. Keep investing to gain best results.
Indian stock market is as sentimental as Indians themselves are. Even a small negative news can cause huge panic in market. Big players and well-informed investors exit at high price immediately and buy shares at low price later. Whereas, small investors who want to make one time investment and become rich in short span of time mostly suffer losses. One very important fact about share market is that, it is a zero sum game. Your loss is someone else’s profit. Those who buy shares based on speculations mostly lose money.
Presently, any passive investment does not yield more than 10% profit in India. Property rates are going down, rental income is between 5 to 8% maximum and interest rate on FD are between to 7 to 8%. However, share market is booming from last 10 years. Share market can give you higher profit or loss.
To minimize risk and to gain more than 10% return, Mutual funds are good investment in long term. They restrict your losses within a narrow band. For low risk and low return of 8% to 12%, you can invest in mix funds known as balanced funds (debt +equity). If you are willing to take moderate risk, and want better returns (if market does not crash abruptly), opt for large and midcap or Multi-cap equity funds. Small cap equity funds are associated with high risk and high return. It is better to avoid pure small cap fund.
If you want to avoid high expense ratio, always buy direct mutual funds. Regular funds always have around 1% higher expense ratio, which can cost you huge amount of money in long term. In addition, direct Index funds are even better having expense ratio around 0.5% or even lesser.
Important terms used in Mutual fund market.
- NAV: NAV stands for net asset value. It is the value of one unit of Mutual fund. Higher NAV does not mean over price of units like in stock market. It means Mutual fund performance is good and it is more famous with investors so they are investing more money.
- AUM: asset under management. It is the total amount of money managed under particular scheme.
- Expense Ratio: It is nothing but fund management charges. Lesser is better.
- S.I.P.: Systematic investment plan. It refers to monthly investment of small amount of money in any Mutual fund. You can invest even Rs500 per month in some funds. In this case, your SIP will be Rs500.
- Lump sum: One time investment.
If you do not have big amount of money to invest, then SIP is the best way to start investing in mutual fund as it average out your risk and profit. Do not save money to invest one time. Start SIP as early in your life as possible. Read my previous blog to understand benefit of starting early by clicking here.
As we start earning, most of us do not have long term financial goals due to which we spent almost whole monthly income on trivial things such as shopping, outing, movies, expensive accessories and parting with friends and family. Since we have no financial liabilities at that age, we are not interested in saving and investing. Even our elders do not motivate us for investing; only few fortunate people may differ! Some of us start saving though for short term goals like marriage, honeymoon, car or bike etc. But no one think about investing at the age of 21 to 25 when we start earning.
Unfortunately, most of us do not understand power of compounding. If you will understand power of compounding you will definitely start investing early. Amount of investment is secondary; time is primary for magic of compounding to take place. If you invest today instead of starting investing after 15 years, your return will be much higher after 25 years . Below table shows an example to prove above statement. There are two persons- Tom and Jack. Tom starts investing at the age of 22 and invested Rs1000 for 25 years till he reached age of 47 years. Jack started investing Rs2500 monthly at the age of 37 and he also invested till the age of 47. Both invested Rs.300,000 but for different duration. Now let us see returns of both persons at the age of 47.
|Interest=8 % pa|
|Years||Tom age 22||Jack age 37|
Even though both invested same total amount, Tom return is almost double of Jack return, even though Jack monthly investment was 2.5 times lesser thne that of Tom monthly investment.
This means, by increasing duration of investment, even with smaller monthly investment you can earn better returns. This is the power of compounding.
Start systematic monthly investment plan (SIP) as early as you earn. How much amount you invest is not important. There are mutual funds and PPF account where you can invest even Rs500 per month, which means Rs.17 per day. Every person who is earning can save and invest this small amount of money and increase it with time. This will help him/her to achieve financial stability and freedom before reaching age of 50 years. After that you will no longer need to work for you necessities. You will have a secondary income to take care of your necessities; you will work for your own joy and passion. By investing Rs5000 per month, you can save Rs68,00,000 in 30 years if we consider mere 8% profit compounded annually.
There are many equity mutual funds which can give you around 15% profit too. This will increase your wealth faster. However, Equity mutual funds are subject to share market risk. For safer option, you can opt for debt mutual funds, FD’s, PPF account, liquid funds etc.