Do not kill curiosity of students

You need to gain as much information as possible to survive in an alien world. This might be the reason that every child is born with a curiosity to know everything about the world around him.

You ask most of the questions during your childhood. As you grow up, you find most of your answers whether right or wrong, true or false through science or Religion. You became content with your knowledge. Moreover, you find more important work than to investigate the world.

Our schools also play a negative role in killing our curiosity too. Instead of telling students that science just scratch the surface of universe and we need a lot to know about it, teachers taught us as everything is already discovered and invented. We have Big bang theory for creation of universe and we have Evolution theory for explanation of life on earth as if these theories gave answers to every possible question.

Instead of teaching these theories, if we teach students what still need to be discovered and what they should invent to uncover those mysteries, it will be more challenging and intriguing for students.   Do not tell them that 90% of things are already discovered. Truth is we have discovered only 10% of all the things. We are still clueless about rest of the things. Like dark matter and dark energy. We need to discover more sources of renewable energy. We need more sophisticated machines and automobile. We need to understand intelligence and to create artificial intelligence which can work without input of information on its own. Do not let your curiosity die. Below is the list of twenty things waiting to be invented or discovered.

  • Super Artificial Intelligence: All big companies are spending billions of $ on it. Some to study its dangers and some on how to create and use it.
  • Dark matter and Dark energy: What is it made of?
  • Multi dimensions and multiverse: Does it exist?
  • M Theory: Theory of everything: A theory which Combines all forces of nature.
  • How to travel with the speed of light. How to break speed limit? There was a time people thought that nothing can fly faster than speed of sound. Now we have supersonic plane flying faster than speed of sound and create shock waves. What will happen if we break speed of light?
  • How something came from nothing in this universe?
  • Is there life of any other planet?
  • How to avoid radiation during space travel?
  • How to reduce impact of nuclear bomb?
  • How to stop ovulation at will of a woman for birth control?
  • Human Memory storing device.
  • Nanobots : Tiny machine which can enter human body and can treat people
  • Treatment for AIDS and cancer
  • Mapping of human genome and understanding function of each gene
  • How to curve space-time fabric and travel to another galaxy.
  • How to make life easier
  • How to change deserts into fertile lands
  • How to make painless child delivery
  • Teleportation: Is it possible?
  • How to make a corruption free society where everyone’s basic needs is fulfilled?

List is not exhaustive or complete. You can look on your own for more things yet to be discovered or invented.

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Is it true that ALIEN VISITED THE EARTH?

 

In every era, some myth and superstitions prevailed. Even though we are living in the age of science and technology, even today you can find new types of myth. It is difficult to prove whether Aliens visiting earth is a similar myth or reality, but there is no conclusive evidence of any Alien visiting earth.

 

Stories of Alien abductions and sighting UFO’s (unidentified flying object) started in the beginning of 20th century. Until the mid of 20th century, extraterrestrial life became one of the popular subject of Hollywood movies. Later, people started serious studies and search for aliens not only on earth but also in outer space by sending radio waves in outer space with coded messages.

In last 70 years, no scientist has ever been able to find even a shred of evidence about extraterrestrial life or their visit to earth. All those who claimed that UFO abducted them were unable to produce anything spectacular to prove their claim. There are few blurred photograph and video’s of UFO’s flying in sky. However, most of photograph and videos were made by using trick photography and were rejected by skeptics studying the claims.

Alien visit is not logically coherent to reality. A civilization far advance then ours can reach to us. If they are so advance, then they have no reason to hide.  They can contact us without landing on earth. They can study our culture using radio waves emitted from television broadcast.

New religions were made based on meeting with alien. Every year new movies are screened about aliens. Which gives rise to this hype of Alien visiting earth.

I always wonder, why alien abduction stories are mostly occur in western countries and not so often in Asian countries. In Asian countries Ghost, demon and Jins are more prevalent.

Human brain is a complex organ. In many cases, it can make you hallucinate about things that you continuously think about or hear a lot. A hallucination may be a sensory experience in which a person can see, hear, smell, taste, or feel something that is not there.

There is another interesting aspect of human nature. We tend to believe what is favorable to our faith or align to our thinking. Suppose, if I tell a Chinese I saw a Dragan in the ocean when I went for deep diving, he might believe me but if I tell the same story to any European who do not believe in dragons, he will call it rubbish straightforward. Similarly, in Europe if a Christian talk about his personal experience where he saw and talk with Jesus, every Christian will believe him. However, if same person said, “I saw Prophet Mohammad in my dream”. No one will believe him in Christian majority countries.

As stated earlier, when we have to believe things without evidence, we tend to believe what is in line with our thoughts.

In western countries, many educated people believe that life does not originate on earth but it came from outer space. In addition, most of scientist and ordinary people believe that there must be many other planets where life must be flourishing.  With this mind set, when a person find any abnormal thing he will connect it with Alien. A good example is crop circle and pyramids. People thought both were made by Aliens, but debunked later.

In India, if people find something abnormal, they associate it will ghost or demon. Muslims believe in Jins. They associate abnormal behaviors to Jins. Near Madina, KSA, there is a place called Wadi-E-Jin. Even if you stop engine of car your car will move forward. When you see the road, you will not find any slop. Local people believe that it is cause by Jins.

There are no confirmed reports of Aliens landed on earth.When evidence are absent, it is proper to be skeptic about Aliens and UFO’s.

 

Deep Space Exploration and Mission Mars

With the present speed of rockets (though it is still a marvel of human capability) future of deep space exploration is gloomy. However, NASA and other space agencies are working on different propulsion fuel including nuclear to increase the speed of rockers. Hopefully, sooner than later we will have rockers fast enough which can make the journey to mars shorter than three months.

In last 50 years of space exploration, we have not achieved anything amazing. Last big thing was when man landed on the moon. Since then we saw a dry period in space exploration. All space agencies are busy in sending satellites and rovers in outer space. Even though, human have made outstanding growth in technologies whether it is Robotics, aviation, AI, automation, generating clean energy and much more but same growth was not seen in deep space exploration. We are certainly capable of becoming multi planetary species. Solutions were available but Governments are reluctant!

Private companies bring new ray of hope in this regard. I am a huge fan of Elon Musk, a man behind companies like Space X and Tesla. He actually makes us feel that we already usher in 21st century. Anything is possible; we just need to dream big. The recent launch of falcon heavy with two boosters landing back simultaneously is just outstanding achievement. Such success can’t be confined to a city or nation. It is a global achievement. Though I have not contributed anything in this success but I feel equally proud about success of technology built by human. It took human nearer to the mission Mars.

There are so many enthusiastic people who are willing to go to Mars even when they know that Mars is not hospitable for life. But space agencies are busy in testing their robots and collecting more data. There was a time when people had only small boats, no navigation system, and no communication system back to the land but still people used to take risk and sailed to unknown lands without having slightest information about what kind of animal’s lives in ocean and what they might find on another land mass. Many died in such expedition, but some survived and came back successfully. They didn’t wait for right technology or full information. Their curiosity drove them far and wide. We must learn from them and be ready to take calculated risk.

Today we have technology. We have resources but we do not have will to take action. One reason might be that as we are getting more information about Mars, we find it more and more inhospitable for human being. We need more reason for sending human to mars than we previously though. It will not be a honeymoon journey. With present speed of Rockets, it took 6 to 8 month to reach Mars. On mars, you will not find anything to eat or drink, no oxygen to inhale and you will be surrounded by harmful radiation. If that is not enough, Mars gravity is much less than earth. Which is not a good news for human well-being if they stay for long time!

There are many more mind-blowing life and threatening facts about red planet. Temperature: minus 60 degrees Celsius which can still go down to minus 100 degrees Celsius. A summer day on Mars may get up to 20 degrees C near the equator, but at night the temperature can again drop to about minus 73 C. Mars also has big dust storm.

So, even if we will make homes on mars, still life will be difficult and whole day we have to remain inside a small room and in night we have to wear space suit to go out because mars atmospheric pressure is 0.6% compared to earth atmospheric pressure. Choice of food will be limited and water and air will be re-cycling again and again.

Disadvantages are far more than advantages to live on Mars. If we had a planet or moon with at least water on it or at least atmosphere with oxygen, then it would be worthwhile to haste. With all life threatening conditions and nine month-long journey time, the only viable thing to make on mars is space station for maintenance of rockets and rovers, research facilities, cheap energy producing plants and re-filling of rockets. All this can be achieved by sending robots rather than humans. Only few human will suffice to control operations. Populating Mars is a distant dream which can only be realise by Terra forming Mars. For present time, robots are better solution.

Republished.

What is Life?

What is life? Sometimes this question raise in our mind. Is a rock alive? How about flowing water or gushing wind? Why we can’t say machines are alive when they can work and move around? How about trees? So what are the traits we saw in something to call it alive? There are peoples who believe that everything is alive. Can we believe that? Let us find out traits of life using mind storming and available information.

It may not be necessary for a being to be intelligent or able to move for being alive. Computers and even smart phones are becoming artificially intelligent; however, we don’t call them alive. Nor do we call any car or robot alive even though they can move all around. They are not alive. What is it that a living being can do but a rock or a car or a robot can’t do? There must be some unique traits of living being which machines and matter or any other non-living thing unable to exhibit. Eating, drinking, sleeping, moving, speaking and listening all are considered as traits of life by Biologist. However, many of such traits can be found in non-living matter or in some machine. In broader perspective, the two most important traits of living being are as follows:

  • Ability of reproduction
  • Ability to grow and accumulate things needed for survival in at least one medium like air, water, ice or soil etc.

Without any doubt, animals including human are alive and fulfill both conditions. Plants too are alive as they too grow and reproduce. Machines, flowing water, computers, cars and wind do not reproduce so they are not alive. You do not have to think much to realize that rocks are dead.

Let us go to smaller level. Unicellular organisms are also alive. Virus is a tough choice. Virus are special in that they behave as living when they are inside the body of another organism. Moreover, when they are out-of-body they became dead. Both traits of life are not found in them when they are outside of body of another organism. Therefore, they are at the boundary of living and non-living things.

Let us go to next smaller level to DNA. All living being has DNA. DNA carries instruction of growth and reproduction. Therefore, we can modify our definition of living being as follows will reduce traits of life from two to one.

Anything that has a DNA is alive.

Does DNA itself is alive is a big question. Since we cannot define word by word itself, we have to go back to our primary traits of life. If DNA can reproduce and if it can grow by itself than DNA is alive else, it is a nonliving code of chemical compound, which makes every other thing alive when suitably fitted with DNA. DNA does not full fill second condition of life i.e. growth.

We can define DNA as “chemically active replicating biological compound” rather than a living being. As a computer chip can store information and give instruction for motion to machine but we do not call it alive. In same way, DNA is not a living being. Even though I personally like them to qualify definition of life but sadly at this point they are out of living world.

 

Alien Abduction- A Story of the Female World ( Episode-1)

There are trillions and trillions of stars in our universe. Around those stars revolves planets like planets in our solar system. Scientist believes that there are many earth like planets in our universe far away from us. We cannot even imagine what kind of life might be flourishing there. This story is of a planet very far away from us and life originated on this planet in slightly different way. Fifteen years back an Alien ship abducted me and took me to different world through worm hole for experimentation. On this planet, transformation from asexual reproduction to sexual reproduction never happened. Thus, even the most intelligent species too, equivalent to human on earth,  only have all-female population. Parthenogenesis -a form of asexual reproduction is the only way for reproduction here and thus only females are found on whole planet. To simplify things, I will tell you the story in earthly manner.  

Compare to earth, their civilisation is 100 years advance. Kate, an astronaut, was the non-breeding partner who lived with Eve, her breeding partner. They have one daughter Alice. Kate and Eva were together from last 5 years but only two-year back they committed to live together and had a baby.  Though both are female and identical, but still emotionally very  different. Some peoples like to breed and some don’t. Those who breed play a wife role taking care of house and other things. Since all are females, no fear of rape and sex abuse. Every one is working. However, other crimes are similar to earth. Kate was an astronaut, who first discovered earth and their government was interested in understanding human anatomy because they never knew about males. Through radio waves coming through earth they learn our language and culture. However they didn’t find anything special and humans were no danger for them so they didn’t contacted with earth.

One day I was abducted by Aliens and they made me unconscious by spraying some chemical on my face. When I wake up, I feel weak and tired. My hands were cuffed and I was inside a machine. My groin is paining and stitch but I was unable to move my head. As they notice I wake up, they took me out of machine and greet me. I was scared and I feel difficulty in breathing. They gave me a mask to breath. Mask was fitted with microphone to speak and listen. Their faces were horrible like Mystique of X-man. They start talking to me in my language using some micro instrument. Only Kate was talking without instrument, she learned our language in 3 years trip from earth to their planet called Radon . They calm me down and told me that they are friend and just want to study my anatomy and behaviour. After that they will send me home. They also told me that half of the work they already finished. Now they want to study me behaviour. For that they will keep me in Kate home as she is the one knew most about earth culture and our language. Furthermore, they said to me to co-operate as that is the only way to return. Understanding the situation I agree.  They gave me some injection which makes me feel energetic and lively. An elevator took us to underground parking connected to vacuum tunnels. It is something like hyper-loop. The only difference was, cars itself were designed to travel in the tube instead of separate compartment travelling inside the loop.I was scared, sad, worried and tired. My hands were still cuffed. I was wondering how they differentiate each other when all are identical. Car window was opaque from outside but transparent from inside. To my surprise there were no high-rise buildings.

Click here for Episode-2 now available. 

Life Saving Breakthrough

For most of civilized history, life expectancy fluctuated in the 30 to 40 year range. Child mortality was all too common, and even for those that made it to adulthood, a long and healthy life was anything but guaranteed. Sanitation was poor, disease was rampant, and many medical practices were based primarily on superstition or […]

via LIFE-SAVING BREAKTHROUGHS — venitism

Truth about Astrology-Part:I

We never know what can inspire us to write new blog. While surfing through different blogs, I come across a blog on astrology. In 21st century, when we already landed on moon and planning to send man on mars, here is one person like millions other who is advocating Astrology as Science.

People believe all sorts of things, it does not bother me until their belief are against Humanity or Science. Astrology is definitely against Science. As long as you keep it away from science and enjoy reading your horoscope or make a tattoo of your Zodiac it hardly bother anyone. However, when you claim, astronomy is science; you need to produce evidence. Moreover, extra ordinary claims require extra ordinary evidence. So, where are the evidence?

I received a links in support of astronomy being science. Let me present to you their analysis

https://undsci.berkeley.edu/article/astrology_checklist

 

It gives checklist to compare astrology with Science as below:

 

Focuses on the natural world?
Astrology’s basic premise is that heavenly bodies — the sun, moon, planets, and constellations — have influence over or are correlated with earthly events.

 

First, Planets are different from moon and sun. Sun is actually a Star like billions other stars in our galaxy. People who invented astrology didn’t knew that planet revolves around sun and not earth. How they can measure planet influence correctly if they did not know correct position of earth, sun, moon and planets respective to each other?

 

Aims to explain the natural world?
Astrology uses a set of rules about the relative positions and movements of heavenly bodies to generate predictions and explanations for events on Earth and human personality traits. For example, some forms of astrology predict that a person born just after the spring equinox is particularly likely to become an entrepreneur.

 

 

When you make a prediction, there must be a certain degree of certainty. Just stating that person is “likely” to become an entrepreneur is mere a guess-work. Astrology explain nothing with high degree of certainty. Thus, it can’t be considered as science.

 

Uses testable ideas?
Some expectations generated by astrology are so general that any outcome could be interpreted as fitting the expectations; if treated this way, astrology is not testable. However, some have used astrology to generate very specific expectations that could be verified against outcomes in the natural world. For example, according to astrology, one’s zodiac sign impacts one’s ability to command respect and authority. Since these traits are important in politics, we might expect that if astrology really explained people’s personalities, scientists would be more likely to have zodiac signs that astrologers describe as “favorable” towards science.1 If used to generate specific expectations like this one, astrological ideas are testable.

 

The above point refutes itself as “astrology is not testable” . If some theory can make a prediction, it must be true in most of the cases, but if we find few cases, which goes against it, the whole theory is wrong.

Relies on evidence?
In the few cases where astrology has been used to generate testable expectations and the results were examined in a careful study, the evidence did not support the validity of astrological ideas.2 This experience is common in science — scientists often test ideas that turn out to be wrong. However, one of the hallmarks of science is that ideas are modified when warranted by the evidence. Astrology has not changed its ideas in response to contradictory evidence.

 

Once again, the above point proved that astrology is not science as evidence did not support astrological ideas.

Involves the scientific community?
Sharing one’s findings and critically evaluating the results of others are not integral parts of practicing astrology. An astrologer can go his or her entire career and not present findings at a scientific meeting or publish a single article. When astrologers do publish, these articles are not usually peer-reviewed or published in places where they will be critically scrutinized by the scientific community.

 

Any article which is not peer-reviewed cannot be considered as scientific paper.

 

Leads to ongoing research?
Scientific studies involving astrology have stopped after attempting and failing to establish the validity of astrological ideas. So far, there are no documented cases of astrology contributing to a new scientific discovery.

 

A correct theory must produce some new discoveries. Astrology has produced none in thousand years of its existence.

Researchers behave scientifically?
Scientists don’t wait for others to do the research to support or contradict the ideas they propose. Instead, they strive to test their ideas, try to come up with counterarguments and alternative hypotheses, and ultimately, give up ideas when warranted by the evidence. Astrologers, on the other hand, do not seem to rigorously examine the astrological ideas they accept. As reflected by the minimal level of research in the field, they rarely try to test their arguments in fair ways. In addition, the astrological community largely ignores evidence that contradicts its ideas.

No test, no evidence, no Science.

Truth about Astrology:

 (Source: http://www.thedailystar.net/is-astrology-science-or-pseudoscience-37018)

The horoscope shows the position of the Sun, planets and the Moon relative to the twelve constellations of the zodiac as they were thousands of years ago. Since then, change in the orientation of the Earth’s rotational axis due to precession shifted the position of the ecliptic—path of the Sun against the background of stars. Consequently, the location of the constellations in the sky changed. They no longer correspond with the constellations in the horoscope.

As an example, astrologically I am an Aquarius because the Sun is believed to have been located in that sign at the moment of my birth. But that was thousands of years ago. In the year I was born the Sun was in Capricorn, not in Aquarius.

Astrologers divided up the year equally, ignoring variations in the size of the constellations. Since Virgo is huge, they chopped some of its sky and added it along with bits of Scorpio to the tiny Libra to bring it up to size. Astronomers call it “equal-opportunity swindling.”

There are currently thirteen zodiacal constellations, not twelve. Astrologers have ignored the thirteenth one, Ophiuchus, because they believe that this constellation was invented by the astronomers to bedevil them.

Unfortunately, people put their trust on the predictions and advices offered by the astrologers without demanding proof or verification. By doing so, they are not gaining any real knowledge. Instead, their blind faith on the prophecies shows a lack of understanding of what science is and of the distinction between scientific theory and faith-based convictions. Many careful tests have shown that, despite their extraordinary claims, astrologers really can’t predict anything.

Astrologers sometimes argue that astrology is based on statistics and may not, therefore, be accurate for an individual. If their claim is true, then there should be a correlation between astrological lore and the different signs under which a person is born. Scientists have made serious attempts to test this hypothesis, but no correlation has ever been found.

Continue…

Click here to read PART-II

The writer is Professor of Physics at Fordham University, New York.

Read more on same website: http://www.thedailystar.net/is-astrology-science-or-pseudoscience-37018